Tenerife Historical Calendar
Historical Events of Tenerife
There is archaeological evidence from skulls found suggest that the island was inhabited by Cro Magnon Man.
It is believed that Carthaginians and Phoenicians visited the Canary Islands.
Lanzarotto Malocello the Genoese explorer occupies Lazarotte and names the islands after him self.
Ships from Spain and Portugal sent to investigate find the islands are inhabited by the Guanches, a people still living in the Stone Age.
Jean de Bethancourt lands on Lazarote beginning the Spanish conquest of the Canary Islands.
Gran Canaria is attacked by Juan Rejon, but the Guanches resist the occupation for five years.
The first Governor of the Canary Islands, Pedro de Viera, is appointed.
Christopher Columbus visit the Canary Islands for the first time and allegedly witnesses Mount Teide erupting.
Tenerife is the last of the Canary Islands to be conquered by the Spanish.
16th and 17th Centuries
The Spanish continue to colonise the Canary Islands and a thriving economy is established by the settlers aided by the slave trade.
The Royal Navy under the command of Admiral Blake destroys a Spanish treasure fleet off the coast of Tenerife in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife 1657.
A group of 20 Canary Island families emigrated to South America and founded the city of Montevideo.
Garachico, the main port of Tenerife at the time is destroyed by the Trevejo Volcano.
Vice Admiral Nelson fails in an attempt to capture Tenerife at the Battle of Santa Cruz, also losing his right arm during the attempt.
The Canary Islands are declared a free trade zone by Queen Isabella II.
End of 19th Century
The main export of the Canary Islands, Sugar Cane, is replaced by Bananas as the number one export.
The Canary Islands are divided into two provinces with Santa Cruz de Tenerife named as the capital of the western province and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria the capital of the eastern province.
The military coup which leads to the Spanish civil war is plotted in Tenerife by General Franco.
Spain grants regional constitution to the Canary Islands.
Special status is within the EU is granted to the Canary Islands.
The Canary Islands adopt the Euro as currency.